New Delhi: Independence Day of India is celebrated every year on 15th August. On this day in 1947, the residents of India got independence from British rule. Since then every year India celebrates 15 August as Independence Day. This year India will celebrate 75th Independence Day 2021 as an independent nation.
15th August Independence Day of India 2021
It is the national festival of India. On this auspicious occassion every year on this day the Prime Minister of India addresses the country people from the ramparts of the Red Fort. On 15th August 1947, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, unfurled the Indian National Flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On this day, tribute is paid to the great leaders of India under whose leadership the people of India became free forever.
The day is celebrated all over India with flag hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. Indians celebrate this day by displaying the national flag on their dress, belongings, homes and vehicles and watching patriotic movies with family and friends, and listening to patriotic songs.
History Of Independence Day Of India
The British Empire established their first outpost on the Indian subcontinent on the north-west coast of Surat, Gujarat in 1619. By the end of that century, the East India Company had opened three more permanent trading stations at Madras (Chennai), Bombay (Mumbai) and Calcutta (Kolkata). By the middle of the 19th century, the British rulers continued to expand their influence in this region and controlling much of present-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
In 1757, the East India Company defeated the last Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey, which marked the beginning of British rule in India. The Indian Mutiny or First War of Independence took place in 1857 which was a major unsuccessful rebellion against British rule.
In 1857, a rebellion in northern India by rebellious Indian troops, led the British government to transfer all political power from the East India Company to the Crown. The British rule began to control much of India directly, resting through treaties with local rulers.
India’s first political party ‘Indian National Congress’
India’s first political party ‘Indian National Congress’ was formed in 1885. And after the conclusion of World War I in 1918, Indian activists called for self-government or ‘Swaraj’.
In 1920, the Mahatma Gandhi (Father of Nation) converted the political party of the Indian National Congress into a mass movement to campaign against British rule. The party used both parliamentary and non-violent resistance and non-cooperation to achieve independence. Other leaders, notably Subhas Chandra Bose, also adopted a military approach to the movement. The movement culminated in the independence of the subcontinent from the British Empire and the formation of India and Pakistan.
Leadership and strategically Leader in Independent
Although, the whole of India contributed something in its own way in the freedom struggle, but there were some people who contributed to the freedom by showing their leadership, strategy and their skills. Many other freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Bal Gangadhar Tilak fought with the people and fought against the British. Some continued their fight mainly by adopting truth and non-violence.
Independence Day 2021 of India Theme 2021
‘Nation First, Always First’ will be the theme for India’s 75th Independence Day celebrations at the Red Fort from where PM Narendra Modi will address the nation on Sunday 15th August.
Independence Day 2021 Speech
Respected Principal, teachers, and my dear friends,
I am very happy to have the opportunity to express my thoughts on this auspicious occasion of Independence Day. This is our 74th Independence Day celebration. Just 74 years ago, we got independence from the British.
The story of our freedom struggle is very big, which cannot be described in 1 day. Independence Day is very important for every Indian. 74 years ago, the British ruled India, they came to India on the pretext of trade and gradually took everything under their control and made us their slaves.
Then on 15 August 1947, India became independent after many agitations and battles. Many heroes sacrificed their lives to get freedom for India. Due to the brave warriors of our country, we have become independent today, and today we celebrate this day to pay tribute to those brave warriors. Independence day is one of the national festivals of India.
Now, I am going to end my speech with these words, thank you So Much.15 August, Independence Day 2021 India Speech
Jay Hind Jay Bharat
Revolutionary Leader in Independent of India
On the other hand, there were some freedom fighters who took the path of violence against the British rule, who were named as a revolutionary. These revolutionaries kept fighting the fight against the British mainly by joining any organization. Mainly there were many such revolutionaries like Mangal Pandey, Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, etc., who contributed to freedom in their own way. Apart from this, there were many other leaders whose contribution we cannot forget.
Independence of India on 15th August, 1947
Thus, on 15 August 1947, India became a dominion within the Commonwealth. Friction between Hindus and Muslims led to the partition of British India to create East and West Pakistan. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared India’s independence with his speech “Tryst with Destiny” on the midnight of 15 August 1947.
Independence Day is celebrated in India on 15 August every year. Independence Day is celebrated with great pomp across the country. On this day the Prime Minister of India hoists the flag from the ramparts of the Red Fort. Let us tell you that on 15 August 1947, India got independence from the British. Since then, India was declared an independent country.
But now the question arises that why the date of celebrating Independence Day was chosen on 15th August and what was the special reason behind doing so. So, let us tell you that the British Parliament had given Lord Mountbatten the right to transfer the power of India to the Indian people till 30 June 1948. Lord Mountbatten was appointed as the last Viceroy of India in the year 1947. After which Mountbatten had chosen the date of 15 August for the independence of India.
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At the same time, some historians also believe that Lord Mountbatten had chosen this date on the suggestion of C Rajagopalachari. C Rajagopalachari said that if we waited till 30 June 1948, there would be no power left to transfer. In view of this, Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India, chose 15 August as India’s independence. At the same time, some also believe that the 15th was considered auspicious, due to which they chose it for the independence of India. Everyone has their own different opinion on choosing the date of independence on 15th August.
After the declaration of independence from the British, the Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons on 4 July 1947. In this bill, it was proposed to partition India and make Pakistan a separate country. This bill was accepted on 18 July 1947 and after the partition on 14 August, India’s independence was declared on 15 August 1947 at 12 midnight.
Apart from India, These five countries also Celebrate their Independence Day on 15 August.
Five Countries all over the world also celebrating Independence Day on 15 August with India. Today the India is celebrating its 75th Independence Day. On this day we remember the sacrifices of the soldiers who were martyred in the freedom struggle. Rather, apart from India, there are five other countries that celebrate this day as their Independence Day.
Republic of Congo Independence Day 2021
The Republic of Congo full independence gained from France on 15 August 1960. It was his full 80 years of independence after coming under the rule of France. Today is the 62th Congolese National Day.
North Korea and South Korea Independence Day 2021
Today is the 76th anniversary of the independence of Korea. In 1945, Korea got independence from 35 years of Japanese colonization. Gwangbokjeol (meaning return of lights) is one of the very few public holidays that both South and North Korea celebrate. The governments of independent Korea were formed three years later when ex-Soviet Kim Il-sung was made North Korea’s first head of state and pro-American Syngman Rhee was South Korea’s first president.
Bahrain Independence Day 2021
Bahrain is the ancient land of Dilmun civilization which declared its independence on 15 August 1971. This country got independence from Britain after a survey of the population of Bahrain by the UN. The Bahrain archipelago was ruled by several units, including Arabs and Portugal. After this, in the 19th century it became a protected state by Britain.
Liechtenstein Independence Day 2021
Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest country in the world also celebrates its National Independence Day on 15 August. This day is celebrated to commemorate the country’s independence from Germany. This country got independence in the year 1866. The celebration consists of Catholic Mass in the meadow followed by free drinks and sandwiches at the Prince’s Palace. Here the public gets a chance to meet and interact with the royal family.
Some Interesting Facts of 15th August Independence Day of India
- India’s freedom movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi. But when the country got independence on 15 August 1947, he did not participate in its celebration.
- Mahatma Gandhi was on that day in Noakhalil, Bengal, thousands of kilometers from Delhi, where he was fasting to stop the communal violence between Hindus and Muslims.
- When it was decided that India would be independent on 15th August, Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel sent a letter to Mahatma Gandhi. It was written in this letter, ‘August 15 will be our first Independence Day. You are the father of the nation, join this and give your blessings.’
- Mahatma Gandhi Ji sent a reply to this letter, ‘When Hindus and Muslims are killing each other in Calcutta, how can I come to celebrate? I will give my life to stop the riots.
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s historic speech ‘Try with Destiny’ was delivered from the Viceroy’s Lodge (present Rashtrapati Bhavan) on the midnight of 14th August.
- Then, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru did not become the Prime Minister. The whole world heard this speech, but Gandhi had gone to sleep at 9 o’clock that day.
- On 15 August 1947, Lord Mountbatten worked in his office. In the afternoon, Pandit Nehru handed over the list of his cabinet to him and later addressed a gathering at the Princess Garden near India Gate.
- On every Independence Day, the Indian Prime Minister hoists the flag from the Red Fort, but this did not happen on 15 August 1947. According to a research paper of the Lok Sabha Secretariat, Pandit Nehru had hoisted the flag from the Red Fort on 16 August 1947.
- According to Campbell Johnson, the press secretary of Lord Mountbatten, the then Viceroy of India, the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied forces was falling on 15 August, due to which it was decided to liberate India on this day.
- The boundary line between India and Pakistan was not determined till 15th August. This was decided on 17 August by the announcement of the Radcliffe Line, which demarcated the boundaries of India and Pakistan.
- India got independence on 15th August but at that time it did not have any national anthem, although Rabindranath Tagore had written ‘Jana-Gana-Mana’ National Anthem in 1911 itself, but this national anthem could be made only in 1950.
- 15th August is the Independence Day of 5 other countries apart from India – South Korea, North Korea, Liechtenstein, Bahrain, Republic of Congo became Independent.
- Panama City was created on 15 August 1519.
- On 15th August 1772, the East India Company decided to set up separate civil and criminal courts in different districts of India.
- On 15th August, 1854, the East India Railway ran the first passenger train from Calcutta (present-day Kolkata) to Hooghly, although its operation could officially start in 1855.
- Maharishi Aurobindo Ghosh, who was involved in the independence of India from the British Raj, was born on 15th August 1872.
- On 15th August, 1950, there was a severe earthquake in Assam, due to which about 1,500 to 3,000 people died here due to the earthquake.
15th August, Independence Day of India 2021 Quotes, Message and Slogans
This is the day of pride,
it is the honor of mother.
The blood will not go in vain,
for the sacrifice of the brave.Independence Day 2021 Quotes
“The pride of the country,
we are the children of the country,
Tricolor painted with three colors,
this is your identity.”Independence Day Quotes in English
“Even after death,
in whose name there is life,
Such brave soldiers are the pride of our India”.
15th August, Independence Day 2021 Slogans
- What if I burn Sarfaroshi’s Shama in my heart?, What if I shed all the blood on the walls?
- What is the life in which there is no patriotism?, And what is that death which is not wrapped in the tricolour?
- If the hero will be mentioned, So the name will be of the heroes of Hindustan.
- We will not allow the sacrifice of martyrs to be discredited. This freedom of India will never be allowed to end in the evening.
- Even today, the body comes wrapped in many tricolors, Not only this, friends, we celebrate this festival.
15th August, Independence Day 2021 Message
- We have become free from the sacrifice of the country’s devotees.
- If someone asks who is it, then we will proudly say that we are Indians.
- Whose blood has not boiled till now, it is not blood, it is water Those who are not useful for the country are useless youth.– Independence Day 2021 Message
- Give salute to this tricolor from which you are proud……,Always keep your head high, as long as there is life in your heart.
- Today nature is dancing, today the wind is smelling.
- On the lips of Mother India, lakhs of prayers are chirping.