International Anti-Corruption Day Theme, Quotes, Significance, History
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International Anti-Corruption Day 2021: Theme, Quotes, Significance, History

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Today we are going to share info about International Anti-Corruption Day such as why  International Anti-Corruption Day is celebrated and what is the theme for International Anti-Corruption Day 2021.

When is ‘International Anti Corruption Day’ celebrated? 

International Anti Corruption Day is celebrated every year on 19 December all over the world.  What is the purpose of celebrating International Anti-Corruption Day? The main objective of celebrating International Anti-Corruption Day is to inspire civil society including government, private and non-government organizations to take joint action to eradicate corruption while spreading awareness against corruption. 

When was the announcement to observe International Anti-Corruption Day?

The United Nations General Assembly passed the United Nations Convention against Corruption resolution in the year 2003 and with this declared the International Anti-Corruption Day to be celebrated.

International Anti-Corruption Day Theme (Theme) 

Your right, your role: Say no to corruption, the theme of 2021. 2020 Theme – United Against Corruption

What is corruption according to the United Nations? 

According to the United Nations, corruption is a serious crime that undermines the social and economic development of the country.  In today’s time no country, region or community is spared from corruption.  It has spread to all parts of the world whether it is political, social or economic.  At the same time, it undermines democratic institutions, contributes to government instability and slows economic growth. 

What are caused by corruption? 

  • People are not aware of their rights due to illiteracy, poverty and lack of awareness promotes activities 
  • Low pay scales and remuneration corruption 
  • Lack of strict laws and speedy justice system 
  • In public procurement, trade agreements etc. 
  • Lack of transparency 
  • Lack of accountability in the political, administrative and judicial system 
  • Promotion of unfair trade practices in the absence of efficient regulators 
  • Lack of effective management and efficient implementation of development oriented programs 
  • Lack of economic development and economic stability in the country 
  • Lack of effective political leadership and permanent political leadership 
  • Shortage of resources in relation to the size of the population 
  • The presence of a corporate and political alliance in a country 
  • Silent acceptance of corruption by the society 
  • “abuse of discretionary powers 

What is the effect of corruption? 

  • Creation of an economy parallel to the country’s economy 
  • Uneven distribution of income 
  • Consumption pattern of any country gets affected due to corruption » Private investment (domestic and foreign) gets affected due to corruption 
  • Corruption creates obstacles in the way of availability of resources and opportunities 
  • Corruption undermines trust in public institutions and undermines the importance of social services 
  • Corruption diverts money and resources from efforts to eradicate poverty 
  • Conflicts and conflicts grow and grow in the society due to corruption 
  • Corruption affects both the income and expenditure of the government’s budget system.  For example, less income to the government from tax evasion, lack of access to most of the expenditure incurred by the government to the desired people, increase in the cost of the work being done by the government. 
  • The impact of the economic reforms being carried out by the government 
  • Irrational management of the country’s resources (wildlife resources, mineral resources) etc., which not only leads to wastage of resources but also causes problems of pollution (water, land and air) etc. 
  • Important global organizations and initiatives to prevent corruption 

United Nations Convention Against Corruption 

In the year 2003, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to the United Nations Convention against Corruption. 

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United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

UNODC was established in 1997 under the United Nations Reforms by merging the United Nations Drug Control Program and International Crime Prevention Center.  It is the authorized agency of the United Nations for the implementation of the standards of the United Nations Convention against Corruption. 

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International Anti-Corruption Day 2021 Famous Quotes

  • “Corruption is nature’s way of restoring our faith in democracy” Peter Ustinov
  • “There can be no compromise regarding corruption” Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • “The corruption of the best things gives rise to the worst” David Hume
  • “Corruption is like a ball of snow. Once it’s set on a roll, it must increase” Charles Caleb Colton
  • “Fighting corruption is not just good governance. It’s self-defence. It’s patriotism.” Joe Biden

United Nations Development Program-UNDP

The United Nations Development Program works closely with UNODC to eradicate corruption in the world. 

Transparency International

Transparency International is an independent international non-governmental organization that sets a global corruption index.  This organization publishes many reports in which the situation of corruption in different countries of the world is evaluated.  This organization publishes the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), the Global Corruption Report and the Bribe Payers Index. 

Credit: UNODC – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Institutions and Initiatives to Stop Corruption in India 

  • All India Services (Conduct) Rules 1954 and Central Civil Services Rules 1956
  • Establishment of Central Vigilance Commission in 1964 
  • Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 
  • Digitization of Government Services 
  • Right to Information, 2005 
  • Whistle Blowers Protection Act, 2014 *Direct Cash Transfer of Government Assistance (DBT) 
  • Ombudsman 
  • Demonetization and promotion of digital money 
  • Strengthening audit and accounting procedures 
  • Measures like Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2018 Government-e-Market (GeM) have brought accountability in public procurement. 
  • Promotion of e-governance by the government 
  • Formation of a special investigation team to fight black money 
  • Amendment to strengthen the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988

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