Gandhi Jayanti 2021: International Day of Non Violence 2021: Essay, Purpose & Importance

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International Day of Non-Violence 2021
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International Day of Non Violence, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, is celebrated all over the world on 2 October.  In India it is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti.  The United Nations General Assembly on 15 June 2007 declared 2 October to be the “International Day of Non-Violence”.  In January 2004, Iran’s Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi suggested celebrating “International Day of Non-Violence”. 

This suggestion was liked by the Indian Congress Party.  In 2007 in New Delhi, Congress party chief Sonia Gandhi and Desmond Tutu suggested the United Nations to celebrate “International Day of Non-Violence”. 

History of Gandhi Jayanti 2021: International Day of Non Violence 2021

On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted to celebrate 2 October as “International Day of Non-Violence” and the resolution was passed.  Then all the member countries of the United Nations were asked to celebrate it.  Was asked to give the message of non-violence through education and awareness. 

Out of 193 countries of the United Nations, 140 countries celebrate “International Day of Non-Violence”.  Countries like Afghanistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, as well as African and American countries also celebrate this day.


Mahatma Gandhi was a priest of truth and non-violence.  He always opposed violence.  He considered truth and non-violence as the greatest weapon.  His fame is not only in India, but all over the world.  He never resorted to violence to liberate the country.  He always told his comrades to take the path of non-violence to liberate the country.

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Bapu launched many movements like “Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha” in 1917, “Civil Disobedience Movement” in 1929, “Dandi March” in 1930, “Khilafat Movement” in 1919-1924, “Quit India Movement” in 1942 but never violence.  Did not resort to  When a revolutionary talked about liberating the country by adopting violence, Mahatma Gandhi distanced himself from him. 

Mahatma Gandhi Books

He was greatly influenced by the pacifist teachings of Leo Tolstoy, Jainism, the Bhagavad Gita, Hindu beliefs giving a message of peace and non-violence.  He was a vegetarian and believed in celibacy.  Mahatma Gandhi was very spiritual and God believer.  He used to observe a silent fast for one day a week for his purification.  He kept restraint on his speech. 

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After traveling to South Africa, he gave up wearing western-style clothes.  He advised wearing Khadi.  Gandhi himself started making Khadi cloth by spinning cotton.  He asked his followers to make khadi by spinning yarn. 


  • Its aim is to establish peace in the whole world and adopt the path of non-violence.  Today the incidents of violence in the world are increasing every day.  Wherever you look, incidents of war, civil war, riots, looting, arson, terrorism are happening. 
  • Every country has different problems.  Terrorist organizations like Taliban, Al Qaeda, ISIS say you occupy the whole world.  In American countries, foreigners are being killed due to racism. 
  • Israel and Palestine often go to war.  Similarly, tensions and war situations often arise between the US, China and Russia.  North Korea repeatedly tests nuclear missiles.  There is always tension between America and North Korea.  There is often tension and war situation in Pakistan-India.
  • Rohingya Muslims are being persecuted in Myanmar.  More than 2 lakh Rohingya Muslims were murdered.  Crime against children and women is increasing rapidly all over the world.  Women are being raped, sexually assaulted.  Somalia, Sierra Leone, South African countries have become pirates due to youth unemployment.  They hijack the ships coming out of the sea and demand a hefty ransom. 

The message of peace and non-violence

ISIS terrorist organization is killing thousands of innocent people in the countries of Syria, Iraq, Pakistan.  Today the incidents of violence are increasing rapidly all over the world.  In such a situation, all countries should celebrate “International Day of Non-Violence” and give a message of peace. 

Credit: Latestly

In May 2018, the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, said that the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of ‘non-violence’ is very relevant in the world in the face of terrorism and other forms of violence.  Presiding over the first meeting of the National Committee constituted to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation, Kovind said, “Mahatma Gandhi was the voice of the soul of India.  Mahatma Gandhi is our past, he is our present and also our future.

Gandhi Jayanti 2021 Quotes

  • Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.
  • You must be the change you wish to see in the world.
  • First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
  • A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.
  • The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.
  • A coward is incapable of exhibiting love; it is the prerogative of the brave.
  • Service which is rendered without joy helps neither the servant nor the served.
  • The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.
  • In a gentle way, you can shake the world.

principle of ‘non-violence’

Presently 9 countries of the world have 16300 atomic bombs.  Which is enough to destroy the whole world.  New countries like Iran, Israel, North Korea are also making nuclear weapons.  In such a situation, today the world has reached a pile of gunpowder. 

Therefore, there is a need to show the path of peace and non-violence to all the countries of the world.  “International Day of Nonviolence” gives the message of peace and non-violence to all the countries of the world.  Violence can never bring peace. 


The great emperor Ashoka himself became the king by killing his 99 brothers by resorting to violence.  Killed more than 1 lakh people in the war of Kalinga, but still Emperor Ashoka did not get peace of mind.  In the end, Chakravarti kings like Ashoka renounced violence and embraced Buddhism. 

He sent his sons and daughters to spread the message of peace, love and non-violence in many countries of the world.  Long lasting peace can be achieved only through non-violence.  We all should celebrate “International Day of Non-Violence” with full zeal and gaiety.

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