New Delhi, July 29: International Tiger Day is celebrated across the world today i.e. on 29th July. Tiger is a royal and hunting animal. Tigers play an important role in maintaining the health and diversity of the ecosystem. But unfortunately, tigers are one of those species that have reached the brink of extinction. Destruction of forests and cutting of trees are the major factors in the extinction of the tiger. To save tigers from extinction and to spread awareness on tiger conservation, every year on 29 July, International Tiger Day or Global Tiger
History of International Tiger Day
International Tiger Day is being celebrated every year on 29 July since 2010. The Tiger Summit event was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia on 29 July 2010.
Many countries participated in this event and signed the agreement at the Tiger Summit.
The agreement was to raise awareness about the declining tiger population globally and to conserve tigers. With this, the countries participating in this program decided that the tiger-populated countries will double the population of tigers by the year 2022.
Theme For International Tiger Day 2021
The theme of this year’s International Tiger Day is “The survival of tigers is in our hands“.
International Tiger Day 2021: know when Tiger became National Animal?
The tiger became the national animal of India in 1972 by the Wildlife Board of India in place of the lion. Due to their presence in large parts of the country, they were chosen as the national animal of India. After this, in view of the decreasing number of tigers, the government started the Tiger Save Project in 1973. Under which the selected tiger reserve areas were given special status and efforts were made for special protection there, this project has now been made the National Tiger Authority.
Wildlife Protection Society of India Record on Tiger Day
According to the report of the Wildlife Protection Society of India, 201 tigers have died in the country in the last two years. Of these, 63 tigers have been hunted. 116 tigers died in 2017 and 85 in 2018. 308 as per the census done in 2018. In 2016, 120 tigers died, the highest since 2006. In 2015, 80 tiger deaths were confirmed.
Earlier in the year 2014 this number was 78. There are only 3,890 tigers left in the world today. 60 percent of the world’s tigers are found in India alone, but the number of tigers in India has declined significantly in the past years. A century ago, there used to be a total of one lakh tigers in India. Today that number has come down to just 1500. These tigers are now living in two percent of India.
India Accounts for 70% of the Global Tiger Population
International Tiger Day is more special for India because 70% of the global tiger population is found in India. There are only 13 countries in the world where tigers are found, of which 70 percent are in India. With the efforts of Tiger Reserves and Environment Department, India has successfully doubled the tiger population before the target of 2022. There were 1 thousand 700 tigers in India in the year 2010.
Also Read: World Paper Bag Day 2021: Know The Advantage & Disadvantage Of Using Paper Bags | freshnewsindia
At the same time, according to the census of the year 2018, the number of tigers in the country was 2967. There are 51 tiger reserves in 18 states in India. According to the World Wildlife Fund, there are currently 3,900 tigers in the world.
There are a large number of tiger sanctuaries in different states in India. If you have a passion for watching tigers, then this Tiger Day, you can plan a visit to these best tiger reserves.
5 famous Tiger Reserves of India
1. Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve, Uttarakhand
Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve, situated in the foothills of the Himalayas, is an important tiger reserve in India. Spread over a vast area of 500 sq km, this national park was established in 1936. There are only a few tiger reserves as lush green as this Jim Corbett present in Uttarakhand. So this time you can enjoy a fascinating jungle safari or a thrilling journey in the middle of the jungle.
2. Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan
Once the hunting ground of the Maharajas of Jaipur, Ranthambore is today one of the largest tiger reserves in India. There is a large number of tigers here and it is spread over an area of 1.134 sq.km. It is particularly known as the abode of Bengal Tigers. Apart from tigers, you can also see other species here, including bears, hyenas, foxes and jackals.
3. Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh
The Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve ranks high in the list of best tiger reserves in India. Every day thousands of tourists come here. Here is the maximum of Royal Bengal Tigers. Spread over a distance of 820 sq km, this national park also houses the ancient Bandhavgarh Fort. A visit to Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve with its rich biodiversity, natural beauty and glorious history attracts people to come here.
4. Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala
If you want to enjoy breathtaking beauty and amazing wildlife in Kerala, then Periyar Tiger Reserve can be the best option for you. It is one of the famous tiger reserves of India and has a large population of Bengal tiger, white tiger, Asian elephant, wild boar and sambar. With a total area of about 777 sq km, it also has an artificial lake, which adds to its beauty and charm.
5. Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, West Bengal
Sunderbans Tiger Reserve is a World Heritage Site and an important place of Royal Bengal Tiger. The specialty of this Tiger Reserve is that it also houses a significant number of endangered species including aquatic mammals, birds and reptiles. However, unlike most national parks in the country, there is no jeep safaris in the Sundarbans. Instead you will have to resort to boat for transportation and sightseeing around the area.
International Tiger Day 2021: Message, Quotes and Slogans
- “Save the Lions of the Jungle, save the world from destruction.”
- “We have to unite for the tiger, so that they are not out of sight.”
- “Nature has to be protected, So don’t eat tigers.”- International Tiger Day 2021
- “Tiger is a symbol of beauty, bravery, strength and nationality. So save the tiger, save the nation’s pride.”
- “Save the tigers before they are silenced forever, Killing tigers is greed, not a need
- Save the tiger, save the nature.”
- “Tiger is the thread of life in the jungle, don’t break it don’t kill it.”
- “Tiger is not only our national animal, this is our heritage.”~International Tiger Day
- “Take a pledge to protect tigers, Don’t let the tiger become the page of history. save tiger, save forest.”