We all know that 70 percent of the Earth’s water is there, of which only a few percent is potable. But it is not that the rest of the salt water is not of any use to us, the ocean present on the earth is also very important for the life cycle. Apart from this, trade is done by sea route all over the world, which benefits many countries. In this sequence, the whole world is celebrating this day as ‘World Maritime Day 2021‘. Let us tell you that in the last year 2019, it was celebrated on 26 September.
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World Maritime Day 2021 Date
World Maritime Day is observed annually on Friday of September 2021. Through this day, people are made aware of the importance of protecting the marine environment, maritime industry, shipping safety and maritime security. Today also explains to the world the importance of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), as well as the link between shipping and the world community.
World Maritime Day History: Started from the year 1978
World Maritime Day was first observed in 1978, although it marks the date of adaptation of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Convention in 1958.
According to the United Nations Convention on Trade and Development, about 80 percent of the world’s trade is carried out by sea. This year the theme of this year’s World Maritime Day is “Seafarers: at the core of shipping’s future”.
World Maritime Day 2021 Theme
The World Maritime Theme for 2021, “Seafarers: at the core of shipping’s future” seeks to increase the visibility of seafarers by drawing attention to the invaluable role they play now and will continue to play in the future.
Purpose of celebrating World Maritime Day
It aims to raise awareness about the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and the marine environment. Significantly, the maritime transport route is a major contributor to the global economy at the present time. With this, large quantities of goods can be transported from one country to another and transported from one place to another in a safe manner.
Every country has the advantage of sea route and this directly or indirectly brings profit in the buying and selling of products. According to the United Nations, the coronavirus pandemic affected the business of two million seafarers this year.
What will happen in the coming years
As mentioned earlier, more than 80% of global trade international shipping moves people and communities around the world. International transport, shipping is the most efficient and cost-effective way to transport goods. It also provides a dependable, low-cost way to transport goods globally, facilitate commerce and help create prosperity among nations and peoples. IMO’s key priorities in the coming years are to promote sustainable shipping and sustainable maritime development.
About Maritime India Vision-2030
This is a comprehensive vision for the next decade for India’s maritime sector which was released by the Prime Minister of India at the Maritime India Summit 2021.
It will take forward the Sagarmala initiative and give impetus to the shipbuilding industry by promoting waterways and encourage cruise tourism in India.
Policy Initiatives and Development Projects:
Marine Development Fund
A fund of Rs 25,000 crore for the maritime sector, which will also include assistance of Rs 2,500 crore by the Center, will be provided at the following rates for seven years.
Port Regulatory Authority
An All India Port Authority will be set up under the new Indian Ports Act (to replace the old Indian Ports Act 1908) to oversee major major and minor ports. Structural enhancement in the port sector will be undertaken by this authority to increase the institutional coverage for ports and enhance investor confidence.
Eastern Waterway Connectivity Transport Grid Project
The project aims to establish regional connectivity with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar.
Coastal Development Fund
It seeks to enhance low-cost and long-term financing for inland vessels with the support of the Coastal Development Fund (RDF) and extend the Tonnage Tax Scheme to inland ships and dredging vessels. So that the availability of such ships can be increased.
Rationalization of Port Tariffs
This will make them more competitive with greater transparency in eliminating all hidden charges levied by ship liners.
Promotion of water transport
Developing waterways as an alternative means of decongestion and urban transport in urban areas.