World Space Week 2021: In 1999, the United Nations announced to celebrate ‘World Space Week’ every year from October 4 to October 10 for the promotion of science. On 4 October 1957, the first man-made satellite Sputnik-1 was sent into space.
History of World Space Week
World Space Week was declared by the United Nations General Assembly on 6 December 1999. These dates were the announcement of the launch of the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I, on 4 October 1957 and the entry into force of the Treaty on the Principles Governing the Activities of States on the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other celestial objects, on 10 October 1967.
World Space Week Theme 2021: Women in Space
The theme of World Space Week 2021 is ‘Women in Space’. This theme is to bring more awareness to the issues of gender diversity in the space sector and identify the obstacles that women are facing when entering space-related careers. 20%-22% of the entire space industry consists of women.
10 major achievements made in the field of space this year
1- India’s first global navigation system NAVIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation) has started. ‘Navik’ moves with the help of seven satellites. It is similar to American GPS but in India it will work more accurately than GPS. With this, India became one of the few countries in the world that have their own navigation system. Prior to this, only the US, Russia, China and the European Union had their own navigation systems. By law, India cannot use GPS during war, so “navigator” is a big achievement for him.
2- The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) sent the first India-made spacecraft into space in May this year. India sent this spacecraft from India-made ‘Reusable Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator’.
3- This year, India broke its old record by sending 20 satellites to space simultaneously with a rocket. Earlier in 2008, India had sent 10 satellites in space simultaneously. However, Russia holds the world record for sending the most satellites at once, which sent 33 satellites into space simultaneously in 2014.
4- This year the International Space Station of the US space agency NASA completed one lakh orbits of the Earth. This space station, established in space in 1998, covered a distance of four billion kilometers during this time.
5- United Launch of America (ULA) Alliance launched a spy satellite. The ULA said the launch was done to “help the country’s security”.
6- NASA placed its spacecraft Juno in Jupiter’s orbit under the Jupiter (Jupiter) mission. This vehicle was launched in August 2011. Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System. Juno will study its atmosphere.
7- NASA sent its first asteroid sampling mission ‘Osiri-Rex’ to space. The purpose of this spacecraft is to collect small and broken pieces of dust from the surface of the asteroid. This vehicle will return to Earth by 2023, then scientists will be able to study the samples brought by it.
8- NASA released hundreds of new photos of deep space on the 50th anniversary of Star Trek.
10- A rocket was sent to a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean. This rocket was launched from Cap Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, USA.