National Pollution Control Day is celebrated in the memory of those who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy. It is celebrated every year on 2 December in India to honor and remember those dead. The Bhopal gas tragedy was caused by the leakage of a toxic chemical known as Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) along with other chemicals from Union Carbide’s chemical plant located in the city on the intervening night of 2nd and 3rd December in the year 1984.
According to the report, more than 500,000 people (who died immediately around 2259) died due to leakage of toxic gas from the MIC. Later, it was announced by the Madhya Pradesh government that around 3,787 people had died related to the gas tragedy. Around 8,000-10,000 people died in the next 72 hours, while the gas tragedy later led to the death of about 25,000 people due to diseases. It has been recognized as the biggest industrial pollution disaster in history all over the world, for which serious preventive measures are needed to stay away from such type of disaster in future.
National Pollution Control Day 2021 Date
National Pollution Control Day 2021 will be observed on 2nd December, Thursday.
National Pollution Control Day 2018 Special Info
As we know that one of the biggest tragedies of India happened in the year 1984 on the night of 2nd and 3rd December, Bhopal Gas Tragedy. The main objective of celebrating this day is to spread awareness for the management and control of industrial disaster and to make efforts to prevent pollution. Like every year, this year also a special tribute meeting was organized for the people who lost their lives in this tragedy. Along with this, many programs like seminars, speech programs were organized on this day by NGOs, civil society and citizens to prevent pollution.
Awareness rally organized by National Pollution Control Board
In view of the National Pollution Day, the Pollution Control Board of India (CPCB), an organization overseeing pollution, took out a public awareness rally in cities like Bhopal, Kanpur, Delhi and Mumbai on this occasion on 2 December in view of the increasing pollution. In which people were warned about the increasing pollution and adverse effects. Taking out a public awareness rally on this day is also very important because 14 cities of India are included in the list of most polluted cities of the world.
In this rally, people were told about the topics like climate change in the environment and rising temperature of the earth due to increasing pollution and it was discussed that by adopting small measures, we can make an important contribution to stop pollution. can give.
Environmentalists expressed anger in Agra
In a meeting held in Agra regarding this subject, environmentalists told that the situation of pollution is becoming increasingly alarming, so the government will have to make plans on a large scale and observe and adopt effective measures to fight pollution on this subject. Similarly, National Pollution Day was celebrated by organizations like Vice AAP School Association and Tsunami on Road as a day of mourning and in the meeting, the members took a dig at the government for failing to check the pollution of the government agencies, praying to God. Requested.
On this occasion, the reduction in agricultural production due to pollution was also discussed because a report has shown that crop production has come down by 30% in the last few years due to rising pollution levels and if this problem is addressed in time. If not controlled, this problem can become even more dire in the coming years.
Gas Tragedy Causes
- MIC storage in large tanks instead of storing in several smaller drums.
- Use of more hazardous chemicals (MICs) in place of fewer people.
- Poor gas conservation after the plant stopped production in the 1980s.
- Presence of bad material in pipelines.
- Failure of various security systems to work properly.
- Dependence on manual work in place of plants for operation, lack of specialist operators as well as lack of disaster management planning.
The other major tragedies in the history of the world are:
- Three Mile Island tragedy of the American nuclear power station in the year 1979. It was the great tragedy of history that took place at Three Mile Island’s nuclear generating station in Dauplin County, Pennsylvania (near Harrisburg).
- Another great tragedy in history was the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine.
- After the Bhopal gas tragedy in India, the other immediate disaster was the leakage of oleum gas at the Shriram Food and Fertilizers Limited premises in Delhi.
Why is National Pollution Control Day celebrated?
One of the major factors in celebrating National Pollution Control Day every year is the management and control of industrial disaster as well as prevention of water, air and soil pollution (caused by industrial processes or manual negligence). Many laws were announced by the government to seriously control and prevent pollution all over the world. National Pollution Control Day is celebrated every year on 2nd December to make people and most of the industries aware to pay a lot of attention towards the need of Pollution Control Acts.
What is the redressal method taken by Indian law?
The Indian government has made various serious rules and regulations for the control and prevention of pollution all over India, some of which are as follows:
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974,
- The Water Cess (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1977,
- The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981,
- Environment (Protection) Rules of 1986,
- Environment (Protection) Act of 1986,
- Rules of Dangerous Chemical Manufacture, Storage and Importation of 1989
- Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules of 1989,
- Rules for the manufacture, storage, import, export and storage of dangerous micro-organism genetically engineered organisms or cells of 1989,
- Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules of 1996,
- Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules of 1998,
- Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Use Rules of 1999
- Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000
- Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules of 2000
- Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules of 2000
- The Batteries (Management and Operation) Rules of 2001.
- The Maharashtra Organic Waste (Control) Ordinance of 2006.
- Environment Impact Assessment Notification Rules of 2006.
National Pollution Control Board
All good and bad works rules and laws are checked by the National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) or Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) which is the government body for prevention of pollution in India. It always checks whether the environment friendly technologies are being used properly by all the industries or not.
Maharashtra has its own control board called Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB), it is in urgent need of pollution control, as it is one of the big states where the rate of industrialization is increasing very fast. Is. Natural resources like water, air, land or forests are getting affected fast by various types of pollution which is very important to protect them immediately by implementing the rules and regulations in the right way.
National Pollution Control Board Quotes & Slogans
- Only Clean Air Is Fair!!!
- Use only what you can reduce, reuse and recycle!!!
- To breathe clean, let us go green
- Life is nothing without water
- Air we breathe must be clean and pure
- Only a healthy soil can give us healthy food
What are the control measures?
- Urban Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Project
- Scientific treatment of solid waste and its management
- Reducing the production of waste
- Sewage Treatment Facility
- Reuse of waste and generation of energy from waste.
- Bio-Medical Waste Treatment Facility
- Electronic waste treatment facility
- Water Supply Project
- Resource Recovery Project
- Energy Saving Project
- Hazardous Waste Management in Urban Areas
- Projects on Clean Development Mechanism.
Along with policy, proper implementation of rules and all preventive measures of pollution, many other efforts have been made by the state government to prevent pollution. Industries have to first follow all the rules and regulations implemented by the authority to reduce pollution.